题目：High school teachers (teachers of students ages 14-18) spend most of class time lecturing (speaking) while the students listen and take notes. Other high school teachers spend most of class time on discussion and projects that students are highly involved in and exchange their ideas. Which of these two approaches do you think is more effective for student learning and why?
Many conservatives in educational system make an utmost effort to hold some advanced pedagogical methodology back like student-centered class with the perspective that the teachers should always be the focus and concentration. However, the so-called “authority” does not make sense to efficiency and encouragement for students are not useless likewise.
First off, a group of students has a wider range of knowledge, expertise‘s and skills, thereby truly enlarging the outlook and horizon for the whole class. Communication enables everyone to speak out his or her own thoughts. I still remember the time when I take the writing lesson. Fortunately, we got abundant information and creative ideas because we were respectively assigned with short talk. Everyone has his or her own advantages and shortcomings, so expressionallows them to full play their superiorities and eventually, increase the efficiency.
Aside from creativity, discussion in class is also a good opportunity to develop interpersonal skills. It is not uncommon that many students lack the ability to get along with others. While the internet brings abundant information to children that makes their study more productive, it simultaneously creates a kind of people called “Otaku”: they are less social and afraid to get alone with others. Still, class discussion is a way to push them out of their inner world. They need to share some ideas and thoughts with others as well as listen to others’ opinion, during which they have to face the situation that they otherwise avoid. Given such opportunity,teachers could make great progress in helping students to open their mind.
At last, some may claim that it may have one or two downsides. For example, they may give priority to something trivial rather than academic, thereby decreasing the learning efficiency. However, in light of the above-mentioned possibility, I suggest teachers to make a detailed schedule to rule what topics to include or exclude in class and make the deadline for students to attract their concentration. That way we can make sure that students will finish their team work on time.
All in all, teachers should truly persuade students to communicate. All that they do in this way will bring unimaginable benefits, of which the reasons above is just a tip of the iceberg.