名师总结:托福写作常用句型

2017-11-29  阅读: 269

一、否定句

1.Instead of indulging in playing computer games, children should betaught how to benefit from useful information on the internet.

应该教孩子们如何从互联网获取有益的信息,而不是沉溺于玩电脑游戏。

2.On no account (Under no circumstances)can we ignore the immensevalue of knowledge.

我们绝不能忽视知识的巨大价值。

3.College students take part-time jobs not for more money but for abetter understanding of societies.

大学生参加兼职工作不是为了赚更多钱,而是为了更好地了解社会。

4.One’s salary doesnot depend so much on his educational background as on his ability andcontribution to the society.

一个人的工资与其说取决于他的教育背景倒不如说取决于他的能力和对社会的贡献。

5.In terms of nutrition, fast food is far from satisfactory.

从营养角度来说,快餐远非令人满意。

6.Parents would not expect their children to become useful personswithout working hard.

父母们不能指望孩子们不经过刻苦努力就可以成才。

二、非限制性定语从句

1.Undoubtedly, practical courses can be used to the reality, which isof vital importance to their development in the future.

毫无疑问,实用性课程可以用于实际中,这对于他们未来发展是非常重要的。

2.Children tend to imitate what they have seen and heard on massmedia, which is sometimes dangerous and harmful.

孩子们倾向于模仿大众媒体上的所见所闻,这在有时是危险和有害的。

3.The majority of students believe that part-time jobs will providethem with more opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills, which mayput them in a favorable position in the future job markets.

大部分学生相信业余工作会使他们有更多机会发展人际交往能力, 这对他们未来找工作是非常有好处的.

三、让步句

1.This view is widely acknowledged;however,there is little evidence that smoking is beneficial to people’s health.

这个观点被广泛认可,然而,几乎没有证据表明吸烟对人们健康有利。

2.Although(While) the computer has been widely used in class, itcannot replace the role of teachers.

尽管计算机已经广泛用于课堂,但是它不能取代教师的作用。

3.Reasonable as the opinion sounds, it cannot bear much analysis.

虽然这个观点听起来有道理,但是它经不住分析

4.In spite of a lot of conveniencesthat cars bring to people’s life, they can create a series of serious problems.

尽管汽车给人们的生活带来了许多便利,但是也产生了一系列严重的问题。

四、It 引导的句子

1.It is hard to imagine what our life would look like withoutcomputers in modern society.

很难想象如果现代社会没有了计算机,我们的生活会变成什么样子。

2.It is conceivable that being physically active does good to health.

可想而知,积极参加体育活动有利于身体健康。

3.It is a highly controversial issue whether women should join thearmed forces or not.

女性是否应该参军是一个非常有争议的问题。

4.It is universally acknowledged that water and air are indispensableto human beings.

人们普遍认为,水和空气对人类不可缺少。

5.It is essential that endangered species of animals be protected againstbeing killed.

保护濒危的动物物种免遭残杀是必需的。

6.It is high time that the government took effective measures toresolve these problems.

该是政府采取有效措施来解决这些问题的时候了

7.It has been made easier for modern people to communicate with eachother by the internet in a few seconds.

现代人很容易通过互联网在几秒钟内就取得联系。

8.It is worth caring about the way a child behaves.

关心孩子们的行为方式是值得的。

9.It has been a few decades since the computer came into being.

自从计算机问世以来已经有几十年的时间了。

五、假设句

1.If we destroy old buildings, then we will ruin the traditionalculture and heritage.

如果我们推倒老房子,就要破坏传统的文化和遗产。

2.You would miss the chance to interact with other students if youused internet at home.

假如你在家上网,你就会失去与其他同学交流的机会。

3.Once you change your present job, you will be faced with the dangerof being unemployed.

一旦你变换了现在的工作,就面临着失业的危险。

六、倒装句

1.Only in this way can the problem be tackled properly.

只有这样才能妥善地解决这个问题。

2.Only when children take arduous efforts can they become successful.

只有当孩子们付出艰苦的努力他们才能获得成功。

3.Not only does studying in school serve academic purpose, butstudents learn how to handle interpersonal relations.

在校学习不仅为了学术目的,而且还可以学会如何处理人际关系。

4.Under no circumstances should youngsters follow negative informationon mass media blindly.

青少年决不应当盲从大众媒体上的不良信息。

5.So valuable is water that we cannot afford to waste it.

时间是如此珍贵,我们经不起浪费它。

6.Nowadays, most dangerous for youngsters is the tendency to indulgein playing PC games.

如今对青少年最为危险的事情是倾向于过多地玩电脑游戏。

七、强调句

1.It is for the benefit of maintaining the ecological balance thathuman beings ought to protect the endangered animal species.

正是为了维持生态平衡,人类才应该保护地球上濒危的动物物种。

2.It is not until people suffer from some fatal diseases such as SARSand AIDS that they are becoming aware of how significant it is for thegovernment to invest more money in medical care.

直到人们患了像非典和爱滋病这样致命的疾病时,才意识到政府把更多的钱投入到医疗上的重要性。

八、比较句

1.Studies show that juvenile delinquency rates are twice as high foryoungsters from single-parent families as for those intraditional households. (同级比较)

研究表明来自单亲家庭的青少年犯罪率是来自传统家庭的两倍。

2.Generally speaking, people in modern times enjoy less leisure timethan they did previously. (比较级)

一般说来,现代人比过去享有更少的休闲时间。

3.Compared with those with different abilities, children with intelligencedo more well in their school work and intelligence tests.

与不同能力的孩子相比,聪明的孩子在学业和智力测验方面表现更加突出。

4.Contrary to pop stars, other professionals like doctors and teacherscreate the true value for their society.

与明星不同,其他专业人员如医生和教师为社会创造了真正的价值。

5.Air is to human what (as) water is to fish.

空气对人类就如同水对鱼一样

九、插入语

1.Computers, most important of all, create wide communication aroundthe world. 最重要的是,计算机在世界范围内建立了广泛的交流。

2.Providing more parking areas, in the long run, has proved to be apractical way out in many large cities in the world.

从长远的利益来看,提供更多的停车位证明是许多世界大城市切实可行的出路。

3.Observing local culture, consciously and unconsciously, can reducethe chance of offending the locals, or it will lead to the embarrassment andeven conflict.

无论是否意识到,遵循当地的文化可以减少冒犯当地人的机会,否则,就会导致尴尬甚至冲突。

4.Space exploration, some people believe, will bring some unexpecteddiscoveries.

有人相信空间探索将会带来意想不到的发现。

十、原因句

1.Violent films can do harm to young people, because they containsnumerous negative information.

暴力影片对年轻人是有害的,因为其中包含大量负面信息。

2.Human beings are chiefly responsible for wild animalextinction.

野生动物灭绝的主要责任在人类。

3.We should attribute (ascribe)medical advances to the animals whichdo substantial contributions to the experiment.

我们应该把医学的发展归因于动物对实验做出的巨大贡献。

4.Because of overpopulation, water shortage has become one of the mostserious problems.

由于人口过剩,水短缺已经成为一个最严重的问题。

5.Owing to the fierce competition in today’s world, a great many young peoplefind themselves under great pressure.

由于当今世界的激烈竞争,大量的年轻人承受巨大的压力。

常用“高端洋气”句式

1. 俗话(古语)说,……:As an old saying goes/ As an old proverb says, ….

As an old saying goes, god helps those who help themselves.
俗话说,自助者天助之

2. 据报道/据估计/据说/据信,……:It is reported/estimated/said/thought/believed that….

It is estimated that it will take about three years to finish the project.
据估计,需要三年来完成这个项目。

3. 也就是说,……:In other words/Namely/To put it another way/ That is to say, ….

She was too trusting. In other words, she had no head for business.
她太轻信人,换句话说,她没有商业头脑。

4. 一则,……;再则,……(多用于阐述理由或列举):For one thing, …. For another, ….

It is not wise for students to frequently go shopping. For one thing, most of them have no source of income. For another, they need to spend more time on their studies.
学生频繁去购物是不明智的。一方面,绝大多数学生没有收入来源;另一方面,他们需要在学业上投入更多的时间。

5. 考虑到……:Considering/Regarding/In view of,….

In the view of the fact, this approach is inadvisable.
考虑到这个事实,这个方法是不可取的。

6. 我认为、在我看来,……:In my view/In my opinion/As far as I am concerned, ….

In my view, it is quite important for students to enhance their learning in Chinese.
在我看来,学生加强汉语学习是很重要的。

7. 为了……:for the sake of/for purposes of/in order to achieve sth,…

They seem to have doing nothing but reading, acquiring more knowledge and really essentially just learning for the sake of learning.
他们好像除了读书,掌握更多知识、为了学习而学习之外,什么也不做。

8. 很容易理解/证明……:It can be easily understood/proved that….

It can be easily proved that one cannot achieve success unless he or she keeps on working hard.
很容易证明:除非一个人坚持不懈一直努力,否则他(她)很难取得成功。

一、表示原因

1、There are three reasons for this...

2、The reasons for this are as follows...

3、The reason for this is obvious...

4、The reason for this is not far to seek...

5、The reason for this is that...

6、We have good reason to believe that....

如:
There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life. Firstly, people’s living standard has been greatly improved. Secondly, most people are well paid, and they can afford what they need or like. Last but not least, more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life。
注:如考生写第一个句子没有把握,可将其改写成两个句子。如:Great changes have taken place in our life. There are three reasons for this. 这样写可以避免套用中的表达失误。

二、表示好处

1、It has the following advantages...

2、It does us a lot of good...

3、It benefits us quite a lot...

4、It is beneficial to us...

5、It is of great benefit to us...

例如:
Books are like friends. They can help us know the world better, and they can open our minds and widen our horizons. Therefore, reading extensively is of great benefit to us...

三、表示坏处

1、It has more disadvantages than advantages...

2、It does us much harm...

3、It is harmful to us...

例如:
However, everything divides into two. Television can also be harmful to us. It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching television。

四、表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能

1、It is important(necessary, difficult, convenient, possible、for sb. to do sth。
2、We think it necessary to do sth。
3、It plays an important role in our life。

例如:
Computers are now being used everywhere, whether in the government, in schools or in business. Soon, computers will be found in every home, too. We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age。

五、表示措施

1、We should take some effective measures。
2、We should try our best to overcome (conquer、 the difficulties。
3、We should do our utmost in doing sth。
4、We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced、with。

例如:
The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious. Therefore, we must take some effective measures to solve it。

六、表示变化

1、Some changes have taken place in the past five years。
2、A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications。
3、The computer has brought about many changes in education。

例如:
Some changes have taken place in people’s diet in the past five years. The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek. Nowadays, more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein, and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins。

七、表示事实、现状  

1、We cannot ignore the fact that.。。
2、No one can deny the fact that.。。
3、There is no denying the fact that.。。
4、This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in。
5、However, that’s not the case。

例如:
We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution. To solve these problems, we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollution. The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment。

八、表示比较

1、Compared with A, B.。。
2、I prefer to read rather than watch TV。
3、There is a striking contrast between them。

例如:
Compared with cars, bicycles have several advantages besides being affordable. Firstly, they do not consume natural resources of petroleum. Secondly, they do not cause the pollution problem. Last but not least, they contribute to people’s health by giving them due physical exercise。

九、表示数量

1、It has increased (decreased、 from...to.。。
2、The population in this city has now increased (decreased、 to 800,000.
3、The output of July in this factory increased by 15% compared with that of January。


例如:
With the improvement of the living standard, the proportion of people’s income spent on food has decreased while that spent on education has increased。
再如:
From the graph listed above, it can be seen that student use of computers has increased from an average of less than two hours per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 2000.

十、表示看法

1、People have (take, adopt, assume、 different attitudes towards sth。
2、People have different opinions on this problem。
3、People take different views of (on、 the question。
4、Some people believe that...Others argue that.。。

例如:
People have different attitudes towards failure. Some believe that failure leads to success。
Every failure they experience translates into a greater chance of success at their renewed endeavor. However, others are easily discouraged by failures and put themselves into the category of losers。

再如:
Do “lucky numbers” really bring good luck? Different people have different views on it。
注:一个段落有时很适宜以问句开始,考生应掌握这一写作方法。

十一、表示结论

1、In short, it can be said that .。。
2、It may be briefly summed up as follows。
3、From what has been mentioned above, we can come to the conclusion that .。。

例如:
From what has been mentioned above, we can come to the conclusion that examination is necessary, however, its method should be improved。
注:例句1可用于任何一个段落的结论句;例句3则多用于文章结论段的第一句。

十二、套语

1、It’s well known to us that
2、As is known to us
3、This is a topic that is being widely talked about。
4、From the graph (table,chart、 listed above,it can be seen that
5、As a proverb says, “Where there is a will, there is a way”.