【分享】托福写作社会类50个高频词汇整理

2017-12-15  阅读: 296

Urbanization 城市化

Centralization 集中化

Imbalance 不平衡

In the long run 从长远角度而言

Infrastructure 基础设施

Booming 繁荣发展的

Tertiary industry 第三产业

Tranquility 宁静

Revenue 税收

Commercialization 商业化

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Traffic congestion 交通拥挤

Water scarcity 水短缺

The environmental pollution 环境污染

Over-industrialization 过度工业化

Over-crowdedness 过度拥挤

Unemployment 失业

Waelth distribution 财富分配

Social instability 社会动荡

urban construction 城市建设

population boom; population explosion 人口激增

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a rising crime rate 犯罪率上升

drain of energy and resources 能源和资源消耗

offer more job opportunities 提供更多的就业机会

fast-paced life; a rapid pace of life; life in the fast lane 快节奏生活

stress-related illness 与压力有关的疾病

high cost of living 高额生活费

Pastoral life 田园生活

class polarization 阶级两极化

social welfare社会福利

give special care to给予...特殊照顾

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urban sprawl 城市扩张

convenient transportation means 便捷的交通工具

better medical services 更好的医疗服务

pressure of modern life in city 城市生活压力

be vulnerable to... 易于患上...

metling pot 熔炉

on the brink of ;at the edge of... 处于...的边缘

Pollutant 污染物

waste disposal 废物处

put the blame of... 归咎于...

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be attributable to... 归因为...

ways of comsumption 消费方式

suffer heavy losses 遭受重大损失

faced with;be confronted with 面临着

breed crimes 滋生犯罪

vicious spiral; vicious circle恶性循环

a feasible measure 一种可行的措施

give priority to; pay the utmost attention to 优先考虑

city planners 城市规划者

agency settings 机构场所