雅思常考话题之教育类话题片段分析

2018-02-26  阅读: 172

Instruction ends in the classroom, but education ends only with life.

教导止于课堂结束,教育止于生命尽头。

“教育”一直都是雅思考试中最常考的话题,威学一百雅思组教员从相对比较基础的角度,定义和分析了教育的必要性,完全以雅思可能会考到或者用到的角度,为大家进行分析,以及扩充表达的多样性,希望可以给你带来很多的小启发。

片段一

Education is indispensable to individuals and society, for without it there would be loss of all the accumulated knowledge of the ages and all the standard of conduct. An individual must learn the culture of the society or the accepted ways of doing things. He must be socialized into the prevailing culture and must learn the rules of conduct andexpectations about future behaviour.

be indispensable to sb./ sth. =

be indispensable for sth/ for doing sth. 不可或缺的;必不可少的 = essential ≠ dispensable

eg.1、Cars have become an indispensable part of our lives.

eg.2、Computers have made typewriters dispensable.

dispensable luxuries 可有可无的奢侈品

for表示原因时,后面可以加句子或者名词


accumulated knowledge of the ages

accumulated/ considerable/ comprehensive/ thorough/ detailed/ intimate详尽的/ profound + knowledge

the ages 此处泛指所有时代

eg.1、So it is with these grapes of wisdom from the ages.

through the ages 在历史上


the standard of conduct

conduct vt. 组织、安排、实施、执行 conduct an experiment/ an inquiry/ a survey

conduct yourself 举止表现

conduct n. [U] 行为举止

a code of conduct/ rules of conduct/ standards of conduct 行为规范

the accepted ways of doing things

socialize vi. 和他人交往 socialize with sb,

socialize vt. (被动居多)使适应社会

eg.1、The family has the important function of socializing children.

eg.2、Children are socialized at an early age.

prevailing 普遍的;盛行的;流行的 = current/ predominant

the prevailing economic conditions

the attitude towards science prevailing at the time

the prevailing view seems to be that

prevail 普遍存在 in/ among sth

These beliefs still prevail among certain social groups.

expectations about/ for/ of/ that …

meet expectations

contrary to expectations, …

against all expectations, …

expectation of life = life expectancy 预期寿命

eg.1、There was an air of expectancy among the waiting crowd.


片段二

Society, therefore, consciously devises its instructional programmes to fulfil personal and social needs rather than leaving the learning to change. Education provides aconscious teaching programme that helps to inculcate values, norms and social skills that will enable the individual to develop his personality and sustain the social system.

consciously 有意识地,自觉地

反义词:unconsciously 无意地

be conscious of doing sth./ sth./ that …

eg.1、Your self-confidence and enthusiasm increase as you become conscious of the great possibilities that can arise if that little thought is acted upon.

self-conscious 因顾虑而局促不安的,刻意的

eg.2、Will these intelligent machines become conscious and what might this mean for our self-understanding of what it means to be human?

devise 设计、想出

A new system has been devised to control traffic in the city.

instructional 教学的

instructional materials/ videos/ purposes/ plan/ focus/ quality

eg.1、With overcrowded classes and fewer support staff, instructional quality in many elementary schools has suffered.


programme 英式拼写 = program 美式拼写

计划、方案、活动、节目、课程、程序

get with the programme 按计划行事

inculcate 反复灌输、教诲

to inculcate a sense of responsibility in sb.

to inculcate sb. with a sense of responsibility

eg.1、The teacher inculcated in her students the importance of good study habits.

sustain the social system 维持社会体系

类似的说法还有 maintain social order


片段三

Education is a continuous ‘process’. Education of human being begins at birth and itends with his death. He learns throughout his life. There is no end to it. Education is much more than schooling. The child goes on reconstructing his experiences throughout the whole life. Instruction ends in the classroom, but education ends only with life.

human being 人类

相同的意思还有 human/ humankind/ humanity

我们如果只是泛指人,还是用 people/ individuals 之类的。如这里这样非常宏观的话题或者意思的时候,再动用“人类”这样的表达。

eg. The deterioration of the ecosystem has threatened the survival of human beings.

begins at/ end with 一段故事/ 经历的起点和终点

但这这里的 at 并不是 begin 自带的,而是配合后面的 at the birth 来使用。begin 更多搭配 begin with

end 后面的介词还可以是

end in :以… 告终

end up doing 最终成为,最终处于

类似的意思还有: culminate in/ with 以某种结果告终,在某一点结束


schooling 学校教育

secondary schooling 中等教育

public schooling 公共教育

类似的词还有 parenting : 教养

parenting skills 教养子女的技巧

good/ poor parenting 教养有方/ 无方

reconstruct 修复;重现

同义词:rebuild/ remodel/ retrace/ restore