你知道托福口语考试有哪些常见的语法错误吗?

2018-03-09  阅读: 444

托福口语考试一直是中国考生的托福考试一个弱式考试项目,这可能与语言环境有一定的关系,但也并非不是不可解决的问题。近来诶学托福教研组老师研究很多考生的托福口语答案,发现他们的托福口语丢分原因大部分是因为语法问题造成的。那么你知道托福口语考试有哪些常见的语法错误吗?

1.动词原形做主,宾,表,宾补等名词性的成分,例如:Swim is my favorite sport. My goal is pass the exam.

改正为:Swimming is my favorite sport. My goal is to pass the exam(注意goal, purpose, dream 等词表示尚未实现的动作,要用不定式).

2.There be 和 has用法混淆,例如:There have a lot of trees in the park.

改正为:There are a lot of trees in the park. 或者The park has a lot of trees in it.

3.可数名词单独使用,例如:Cellphone is useful. I like playing computer game.

可数名词单数不要单独使用哦,可以改为复数指类别,如:

Cellphones are useful. I like playing computer games. 也可以在单数可数名词前加上限定词如this,that;代词所有格如 his, her; 或者加上冠词the, a, an.

4.主谓不一致,例如:She don’t know what to do.

动词的三单形式最是容易被忽略,改正为:She doesn’t know what to do.

5.比较级乱用,例如:Biking is more healthier than driving a car. It is more easy to search information online.

正确的说法是:Biking is healthier than driving a car. It is easier to search information online.

6.一个句子里有多个动词,例如:I want go to bed. I like dance and sing.

注意,一个句子里只能有一个谓语动词。所以要把多余的那个换成非谓语的形态哟~

I want to go to bed. I like dancing and singing.

7.形容词ing与ed的区别

interesting与interested;exciting与excited;surprising与surprised等等词汇。什么叫形容人?基本上来讲,可能出现的情况无非以下两种:a. somebody + be动词 + 以ed结尾的形容词 + 介词 + something 如:I'm surprised about this piece of news. b. something make(s) somebody + 以ed结尾的形容词 如:This piece of news makes me surprised.

什么叫形容一件事或一种东西?也就是:a. something + be动词 + 以ing结尾的形容词 如:This piece of news is surprising. b. 以ing结尾的形容词 + 名词 如This is a surprising piece of news。

8.情态动词后不加动词原形

有的考生会因为过度重视时态问题,如一味的想着整个作答都要基于某种时态而忽略情态动词后要加动词原形这一原则。如:I thought the reason why I chose to study that subject was I could got a better job after learning that.

正确的说法是I thought the reason why I chose to study that subject was I could get a better job after learning that。

威学小编在此建议大家要多给自己录音,然后检查录音中的语法错误。把出现错误的地方标注在笔记本上。然后重新录音,在录音过程中有意识地改正错误。然后再听自己的录音并挑错…以此循环,直到录音里已经无法挑出任何语法错误。总结这些在复习中克服这些困难。

以上就是威学小编为大家带来的托福口语考试当中常见的语法错误,大家在备考时就要去克服这些语法问题,确保你的托福口语答案当中不会出现这类语法错误,导致你的托福口语失分。最后,威学小编预祝大家在抓住托福的小尾巴快快分手。