雅思写作 连词不要再用firstly啦

2018-04-03  阅读: 111

并列观点、并列例子、并列理由、并列解决办法、并列影响等等,不论是全文整体来看,还是在一个段落中,只要有多个,共同支持某个论点,但是角度不同,无所谓前后顺序的分论点的时候,就需要用到这些词。

1. 换词

首先:first/ first of all/ firstly/ in the first place/ initially/ to begin with/ first and foremost/ for one thing/ to start with/ primarily

其次:in the second place/ furthermore/ besides/ for another/ what’s more/ in addition to this

最后:finally/ thirdly/ last but not least

这个方法最经典,当然也最老套。很难去定义这些词到底好不好,因为意思确实很准确,偶尔使用以下,也肯定是合理的。

但是,避免连词过于机械(评分标准中6 分的描述),尽可能让连接更加自然(7 分的描述),我个人倾向于下面的一些方法。

2. 小套句

The first and foremost reason is that

The main reason is that

One reason for this is that …

One argument to support this standpoint is that …

Generally, it would also be proposed that …

Another benefit is that

A further reason why I prefer the argument is that

An alternative theory would be

Another point to consider is that

The second reason for my propensity is that

Another reason to support my standpoint is that

Thirdly, there is equally strong case to be made that …

Furthermore, another point to reinforce this theory is that …

上面的句子有一个明显且共同的特点,就是:很长。所以你懂的,凑字数特别好。但是,即使不凑字数,偶尔拿过来,替换一下最老套的 firstly 也是很实用的。

3. 最高级、比较级

The most important factor is that

The most contributing factor is that

The most obvious reason is that

The most compelling reason is that

One of the most important reasons is that

One of the primary causes is that

The advantages of … are multiple but the most obvious one is that

One of the major reasons for … is that

A further and equally important consideration is that

The most advantaged benefit is that

这种通过最高级或者比较级来体现先后顺序的方法,是我自己现在更加喜欢用的一种方式,简单明了,也不那么的老套。

4. 和主观点合并

… many reasons, most important of which is that

…, not least because

…, which can be mainly attributed to

…, as evidenced by …

Many people support …, arguing that

Proponents/ supporters of … may hold the view that …

… for the reason that …

…, which is mainly due to

其他任何常规的因果解释的连词,如 as/ since 等,都是可以的。只不过,主论点和分论点都合并到了一起,字数就少了。孰是孰非,请自行斟酌吧。

5. 第一个不写,后面承上启下

When we look at the larger picture,

Apart from the … concerns expressed above, I also believe that it would be …

In addition to … concerns, there are also

Ethical reasons aside, there are also social reasons.

In terms of the whole society, it also

相对而言,这个要求会更高一些,需要我们对上面的论点进行几个单词的精炼概括。如果有的时候不好“承上”,就正常写一个并列连词“启下”即可。