雅思口语如何高分扩展答案?

2018-04-16  阅读: 109

在雅思口语考试中,有逻辑的回答是提分的必要条件,但有很多烤鸭不知道怎么做出充分合理的拓展,尤其是对很少接触的事物,从而导致要么回答简短,要么磕磕巴巴的不流利,这种情况都会导致你直接丢分。

雅思口语考试的三部分形式:Part1与Part3是问答形式,考官问一个问题考生回答一个,给考生的思考时间非常短。而Part2是一个话题,考生有一分钟准备时间,然后进行一段1-2分钟的长独白。这两种题型在思路扩展时是不太一样的。

为何要扩展答案?

口语评分标准中有一项是流利度,很多烤鸭们以为流利度就是说得快。实际上考生想在流利度上拿到6分,要求就是willing to speak at length, though may lose coherence at times due to occasional,7分要求是speaks at length without noticeable effort or loss of coherence。中文就是表达出充分交流的意愿,并且保证答案的长度。

一般来说6分的标准要求考生在Part1部分可以回答2-4句话,平均每个问题要用3句话来回答。当然每句话都不能过短。

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扩展时的误区

很多考生不知道如何扩展答案,在扩展答案时通常会遇到两个难点。第一就是习惯性解释原因,也就是特别喜欢接because。然而并不是所有的答案都适合用because来扩展的。举个例子:

--- Do you live in a house or an apartment?

--- I live in the apartment because……

这个问题很难解释原因,烤鸭们想到的诸如设施齐全环境优雅等理由都不知道如何用英语表达,因此就扩展不下去了。

再如Part1中常见的问题“谁给你起的名字”,这个问题也很难去解释原因。比如你想解释中国的传统习俗是长辈给小辈起名字,很有可能说成always the old choose the name for the young. 这个答案实在无法得高分。

另一个难点:在回答的开头就将答案描述得过于细节。如问题“你喜欢吃什么”,直接回答我喜欢吃生鱼片。一旦第一句回答就如此详细了,后面的扩展就很难。又或者想说各种鱼的种类或者各种酱料,但词汇上十分缺乏。针对这个问题,威学教育雅思调研组老师建议烤鸭们可以把自己的词汇分为三个等级,最常见的抽象类词汇是A级别,其次是B级别,最细节的是C级别。第一句话的回答中尽量使用A或B级别,把C级别这种细节词放在后面。

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如何扩展答案?

避免了以上两个难点问题后,如何扩展自己的答案呢?

首先是“直接回答”,是指针对考官的提问直接正面回答,避免兜圈子和回避考官问题。接下来,我们要针对回答进行解释,给出原因。

Part 1例题:What’s your favorite part of your country?

I definitely think the food culture is the best part of my country. (直接作答)I mean, China never fails tosatisfy all peoples’ needs for tasty food. (原因)Although sometimes the way we make food is not that healthy, I still think it’s an ideal place for foodies for the reason that it has a lot to offer, from spicy food to light-cooked food to various kinds of dessert.(细节)

有时“原因”和“细节”的顺序可以灵活调整。

Part 3例题:Are science museums popular in China?

Definitely! Science museums are popular among not only science buff but also people who are not that crazy about science (直接作答). Actually, no matter it’s during the weekdays or on the weekends, science museums are always busy and full of visitors (细节). As I see it, it’s mainly because the exhibitions/displays in those science museums enable people to enhance their knowledge about S&T in an interactive and vivid way (原因).

多用说明和描述,不要总想原因。比如谁给你起的名字,你的回答可以尽量描述给你起名字的过程。如:

My grandpa gave me my name(直接作答) and of course I had no idea of all of it because I couldn’t remember anything about it. My dad told me that my grandpa flipped though the dictionary and picked up this specific character for me.

另外,烤鸭们要学会同义替换地描述细节。比如问到你喜欢看什么书?回答时可以使用一些词汇:science fiction; future dystopia word;suffered from the radiate activity from the nuclear war 等等。

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总结:当刚刚听到问题没有思路时,可以从以下几个方面来找灵感:事物本身特点、自己过去经历、其他人的影响。这样可以帮助我们大大提高流利度,补充一些细节来支撑刚刚给出的原因。

不知道如何给具体例子的烤鸭们,威学雅思调研组老师建议可以参考“个人习惯句型”I mean/Actually/In fact/For example, what, who, when, where, why。

如:

--- What kind of food do you like?

--- Well, I have to say that I am a big fan of sea food. Particularly, I really like to eat Japanese sea food because it’s all so fresh. For instance, sashimi is delicious because the raw fish is so flavorsome.