​雅思写作 从句的多钟表达方式

2018-04-23  阅读: 106


雅思写作一共四个评分维度:内容、结构、词汇、语法。

任何一个句子,不论怎么变化,不论多么复杂,都应该有一个主句,一个基本的主谓宾的结构。烤鸭们一定需要搞定的以下若干概念:

词性的角度,我们需要知道:名词/ 动词/ 形容词/ 副词/ 代词/ 介词/ 连词/ 冠词

句子成分的角度,我们需要知道:主语/ 谓语/ 宾语/ 定语/ 状语/ 表语

主语/ 宾语 = 名词

谓语 = 动词

定语 = 形容词 = 修饰名词(主语/ 宾语)的词

状语 = 副词 = 修饰动词(谓语)的词

最核心句子构成法

简单句 = 主语 + 谓语 + 宾语 = 名词 + 动词 + 名词

并列句 =简单句 +,and + 简单句

状语从句 = 连词 +简单句 +, + 简单句

(给句子加上更多动作发生的细节,比如时间、地点、条件、原因、目的、结果等,常见连词有 if/ when/ because/ so that/ although/ in order that/ where)

定语从句 = 主语 + which/ who/ that + 没有主语的简单句 + 没有主语的简单句=没有宾语的简单句 + 宾语 + which/ who/ that + 没有主语的简单句

主语从句 = that+简单句 + 没有主语的简单句

宾语从句 =没有宾语的简单句+ that+简单句

表语从句 = 主语 + be (系动词)+that+简单句


▍ 总结一下,英语语法最核心三大规律:

1. 任何一个句子都有动词

2. 任何一个主句只有一个动词

3. 句子中出现多的动作,则一定是:

并列(同一主语,做了多件事情,记得加,和 and)

变形(动词的意思,但是不是谓语,变成非谓语动词:doing/ done/ to do)

加连词(主句是主句的动词,从句是从句的动词,主从句之间有连词)

多句型本质上没有区别,到底用什么从句来写,完全决定于我们那一瞬间的想法,咱们今天变化句型的时候,不要局限自己的思维,多尝试不同的方法。

1. 以主句开始整句话

2. 以状语开始整句话

3. 以从句开始整句话

4. 以固定句型开始整句话

5. 以分词开始整句话

6. 以倒装开始整句话


下面的练习一共5句话,在看参考答案之前,大家可以自己拿出小本本来,先试试看吧。强调句式变化,词汇上并没有很多替换。词汇量大的童鞋,如果可以辅助词汇替换,句子就更丰富了。

1. More and more students choose to study in other countries.

2. For individual office worker, telecommuting work means spending more time at home.

3. Urban areas around the world increasingly suffer from congestion.

4. Taking exercise is closely related to health.

5. Computer can provide aid to us in our study, which enables us to achieve more in our interested fields.

练习1

More and more students choose to study in other countries.

换主句主语:Study abroad becomes more popular among students.

状语打头:Increasingly, students choose to study in other countries.

变从句:When students choose to further their study, foreign countries become more popular.

固定句型:There are more and more students who choose to study in other countries.

分词:Applying for a higher degree in a foreign country, students have more opportunities to further their study.

倒装:On the rise is the number of students who choose to study in other countries.

▍ 练习2

For individual office worker, telecommuting work means spending more time at home.

换主句主语:Office workers could spend more time at home through telecommuting.

状语打头:Conceivably, office workers could spend more time at home through telecommuting.

变从句:If office workers telecommute, they could spend more time at home.

固定句型:It enables office workers to spend more time at home through telecommuting.

(类似)分词:Free from travelling to the workplace, office workers spend more time at home through telecommuting.

倒装:No longer do office workers have to waste time on travelling to theworkplace, so they could spend more time at home through telecommuting.

▍ 练习3

Urban areas around the world increasingly suffer from congestion.

换主句主语:Congestion is a headache for urban areas around the world

状语打头:Around the world, urban areas increasingly suffer from congestion.

变从句:Urban areas around the world have more congestion, which has imposed heavier burden on central districts.

固定句型:With more congestion, urban areas around the world increasingly suffer.

分词:Suffering from congestion, urban areas around the world become less liveable.

倒装:So congested are urban areas that people living there increasingly suffer.

▍ 练习4

Taking exercise is closely related to health.

换主句主语:Health is closely related to taking exercise.

状语打头:Scientifically speaking, taking exercise is closely related to health.

变从句:People need to take exercise regularly, in order to maintain good health.

固定句型:Taking exercise is a contributing factor to good health.

分词:Participating in regular exercise, people can maintain good health.

倒装:Only by doing regular exercise can people maintain good health.

▍ 练习5

Computer technology can provide aid to us in our study, which enables us to achieve more in our interested fields.

换主句主语:Our achievement in interested fields could be improved by computer assistance.

状语打头:In our study, computer technology can provide aid to help us achieve more in our interested fields.

变从句:We can achieve more in our interested fields, because computer technology provides aid to us in our study.

固定句型:With computer assistance, we can achieve more in our interested fields.

分词:Provided with computer assistance, we achieve more in our interested fields.

倒装:Not only can computer technology provide aid to us in our study, but it can also enable us to achieve more in our interested fields.