​雅思写作 这里有5个场景可以使用时间做主语

2018-05-07  阅读: 124

在日常写作中,看考生们是否试过用时间来做主语?常规来讲,时间一般是做状语,常常放在句首或者句末,不论是否加逗号,都不影响主句的完整性,如:

In contemporary society, moral education is an increasing important issue in the course of development.

Putting money in the bank will allow it to amount to something in many years.

或者一些比较简短的时间词,可以放在句中:

Most people nowadays have mobile phones.

It was then believed that the Earth was flat.

She is presently at work on a new novel.

如果一个时间的名词做主语,后面接动词,写出来是这样的效果:

The year 1949 witnessed the founding of the People's Republicof China.

The past 30 years saw the steady improvement in people’s living standard.

这些句子的基本变化方式是:先写时间,说这个时间见证了什么改变(变好变坏变多变少都行)

XX变了在YY时间 → YY时间见证了XX变化

反向分析一下,这种句子在使用的时候需要注意的地方:

1. 时态:动词的时态根据前面的时间来决定,语法上,动词是否变“单三”,取决于对时间概念的理解,当一个整体为单三,强调其中涵盖的每个年份,用动词原形。

2. 词性:保证是一个词性为名词的时间词,而非介词。

3. 搭配:后面的常见动词有: see,find, make,bring,cause,enable,desert,prevent,meet,visit,give,witness,convince,request,compel。

雅思写作中的 5 个适用场景:

d1886c4e6089736b70eb2e8066975f98.png

▍ 场景1 :大作文背景引入

大作文很多话题很“社会”,还有就是科技类的,都会谈论到很多现象,或者现在的科技成果。这些现象和成果,一定不是一蹴而就,而是经过了很多年的逐步累积和转变。

过去的几十年见证了科技的巨大发展。

The recent decades have experienced unprecedented development of the internet technology.

最近几十年,移民发达国家的人越来越多。

Recent decades have seen increased migration to developed countries; there is an increase in age and income disparities between old and new ethnic groups.

过去十年,医疗发展有很多进步。

The past decade has witnessed many new advances in medical research.

= Many new advances have occurred in the past decade.

近年来,社会流动性越来越大。

Recent years have witnessed a growing social mobility.

(由于网购的冲击)零售业的销售额在急剧下降。

The retail trade is witnessing a sharp fall in sales.

▍ 场景2 :综合写作举例子

除了背景特别适合用这个句型之外,举例的时候,因为涉及到对于具体真实事件的描述,也可能会用到这个方法,把一些社会现象表述出来。

旅游业发展到底好不好?举例:

For example, the past few decades have witnessed the fast development of tourism industry in Thailand, which had been able to uplift its socioeconomic status through its flourishing hospitality sector.

城市生活到底好不好?举例:

For example, the recent two decades have seen increased migration from rural districts to major cities in China, and people who have flooded into the central areas are suffering from the shortage of job opportunities and many crucial resources such as healthcare and education.

环境保护的国际合作是否有必要?举例:

For example, the recent years have seen many global agreements reached among countries, and these international deals have stimulated cooperation in many areas such as developing alternative source of energy and preserving eco-diversity in deep oceans.

a075215d4faaa5f5ff35f1a90c716fe4.jpg

▍ 场景3 :小作文动态图数据描述

时间做主语应该是动态图最基本的句型替换了,和常规简单句、there be几乎可以并称为动态图三大基本句型了。

谈到高收入国家,人口变化在这段时间很不明显。

When it comes to the high income countries, period between 2002 and 2004 witnessed slight change of population growth.

服务业在2000年发展迅猛,占据了经济总量的13%。

As for the service industry, the year 2000 saw its great development, when it accounted for more than 13% of the overall economy.

延伸一下,借用这里的几个动词,我们可以把描述对象做主语来见证很多的变化。

与此相比,骑车和步行的数据趋势相反。

By contrast, the figure for bike and foot witnessed an opposite trend.

太阳能和风能在2000年之前趋势不稳定。

Solar/ wind and hydropower, on the other hand, witnessed an instable trend for the years before 2000

2020年的时候,所有的国家都会进一步大幅增加。

It is predicted that all nations will witness a further significant growth in 2020.

▍ 场景4 :小作文连接过渡

时间做主语也是非常好的一种方式,体现和加强文章的连贯性(这也是四个评分维度之一)。特别是动态图,那么多的时间和变化,不用白不用了。

同一对象,连续时间

澳大利亚的袋鼠数量在2002到2012上升了,但是在接下来的5年下降了。

The number of Australian kangaroos increased gradually from 33 million in 2002 to 38 million in 2007. The following five years saw a sharp decrease to 26 million.

不同对象,相同时间

澳大利亚的袋鼠数量在2002到2012上升了,但是考拉的数量在同样的时间段里面却下降了。

The number of Australian kangaroos increased from 2002 to 2012. The same period had witnessed a decreasing/ an opposite trend in the number of Australian koalas.

全部时间,总体描述

所有物种的数量都有下降的趋势,尽管他们部分年份上升了。

The whole period had witnessed an overall decreasing trend, though in few years some temporary rises could be found.

34fdad9f9c8d651764e6331d8d8a647c.png

▍ 场景5 :小作文地图题变化描述

另外一种可能出现时间变化的小作文就是地图题。这样,我们在描述地图中各个建筑或者区域的布局变化时,就可以尝试用时间来做主语。

在题目给的时间段,学校在左上角,并且扩大了。

The given period had witnessed great expansion of the school, which was located in the top-left corner.

在过去的十年,房子变多了。

The past decade has witnessed an increasing number of houses alongside the main road.

在第一个20年,农场的区域大幅缩减。

The first score years had witnessed drastic reduction in the size of farmland.

直到1985年,操场都没变。

The year 1985 witnessed no change in the playground.

时间做主语属于“无灵主语inanimate subject” 中的一种,其他还可以替换常规主语的东西包括:表示地点、动作、情感、情景、自然现象、身体部位的名词等,比如:

Careful comparison of them will show you the difference.

The rain prevented me from coming.

The shadows tell me that the sun has done much travel since I fell asleep.

Shortness of time has required the omission of some states.

Despair seized him at the thought of her setting out alone to renew the weary quest for work.

Ten years of hard work changed her greatly.

每一句看着都很zhuangBility,如果大家感兴趣,可以继续研究一下。毫无兴趣的威学小编,就不依次展开了。