雅思考试2018年9年8日写作解析 饼状图+抽象类话题

2018-09-13  阅读: 305

TASK 1

类型:动态饼状图

题目: Sources of the fish imports to US and the total value offish imports in US.

TASK 2

题目:People are living in 'throwing way society' that things are used for a short time and thrown aways. What are the causes and what it may lead to? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

类同题目

Nowadays, people always throw old things away and buy new things, whereas in the past, old things were repaired and used again. What factors cause this phenomenon? What effects does the phenomenon lead to? 2012.12.6

Many people say that we have developed into a “throw-away” culture, because we are filling up our environment with so many plastic bags and rubbish that we cannot fully dispose of. To what extent do you agree with this opinion and what measures can you recommend reducing this problem? 2005.8.6

We have entered a throw-away society and fill the environment with rubbish. What are the causes and what are your solutions? 2007.12.1

题目解析

本题属于抽象类话题。抽象类话题看似难以困难,然而这些题目的共同解题策略就是与题库中的具体话题发生联系,从而寻找论据。在本题中,大家既可以从社会观念、人们的生活方式角度去考虑,也可以从环境和资源的角度去构思。此外,本题还可以与广告话题发生联系,从广告的角度来解释这种现象。甚至从科技角度也能想出论点:由于电子产品更新换代日新月异,导致人们不得不更新手中的通讯设备。


参考思路

开头:改写话题

It is widely acknowledged that we have entered a “throw-away society”, as people no longer attempt to repair old goods such as clothes and electronic devices. Instead, they simply throw them away and buy new ones. This essay will elaborate on the causes leading to this tendency and examine the effects that it may bring.

Body1:交代原因

1. 经济全球化时代,生产力的提高使得消费品更低价。Thanks to economic globalization, the industrial output has been raised significantly, which has greatly driven downthe price of consumer goods.

2. 人们生活水平的提高带来消费观念的变革。In addition, the ever-increasing living standard of people has revolutionized their traditional consumption concept.

这里可以句举衣服、一次性产品disposable products、数码产品的例子。

3. 各种广告的诱惑吸引人们不断购买新产品。Also, a dazzling array of advertisementsappear on mass media every day, keeping luring people to purchase new products.

Body2:交代影响

1. 这种狂热的消费主义加速了自然资源的消耗,加剧了环境的破坏。The rampant consumerism in society has sped up the exhaustion of natural resources, and aggravated environmental pollution.

2. 助长了非理性消费和拜金主义。Additionally, this trend has also bred irrational consumption and even a money-oriented mentality.

结尾:总结 + 解决方法

媒体应当通过公益广告宣传勤俭节约。The mass media should launch more public service advertisement to promote thrift and frugality.


参考范文

It is said that we are entering a throw-away society, which means that people these days tend to throw away old things and buy new ones. There are a few factors behind this phenomenon.

First of all, the main reason for the trend is the increasingly improved standard of living. Unlike the generation of their parents and grandparents, people nowadays have the financial capacity to replace old things if they think these things are worn-out. The higher income allows people to enjoy more freedom in pursuing new products, with little regard for the prices. Meanwhile, the productivity is also enhanced due to technical innovation, leading to the constant upgrading of various goods and lower prices. That is why people have the desire and ability to buy new thing.

Apart from economic and technical reasons, other factors include peoples' lack of awareness of mental protection and their tendency of following the fashion.For example, some people use disposable products for convenience every day paying little attention to the impact on the environment. Also, some people compete over material things and they squander their money on clothes, shoes, cosmetics, etc.

This throw-away" lifestyle, to some extent, stimulates consumption and increases the sales of consumer goods. However, its negative consequences are also obvious. Because of the increasing demand for new products, the consumption materials went up year by year, which gave rise to severe shortage of energy and resources. Also, the disposal of wastes is a troublesome task and these wastes often cause pollution to air, water and soil, deteriorating the environment of our planet.

To sum up, despite the improvement of our living conditions,throwing old things away should be discouraged and it is everyone s responsibility to protect the environment.